Oriental rugs have been enjoyed for
their beauty, durability and ease of
maintenance for centuries. No one
knows exactly for how long rugs have
been woven, but the art of weaving is
mentioned in both the Old Testament
and in Homer's Iliad, so it has been in
practice for more than two thousand
years. The oldest known oriental rug in
existence is the Pazyryk Rug, which
hangs in the Hermitage Museum in St.
Petersburg and dates back to 500 B.C.
It was found during the late 1940's by a
Russian archaeologist in the grave of a
Scythian warrior prince. Like royalty
from many cultures, nobles were buried
with their most valued possessions.
Oriental rugs are woven on a loom, with the carpet's warp
threads attached to the loom's top and bottom , and the
carpet's weft threads, which are used to secure the knots,
running horizontally. The weaver has skeins of colored wool
yarn hanging overhead, which he or she uses to tie a knot
across a pair of warp threads. After completing a row of knots,
the weaver takes one or more weft threads and weaves them
in or out of each warp thread. The weft threads and knots are
then pushed down with a comb to firmly secure them.
Mondi Miller, owner of Heirlooms Oriental Rugs, reports that the demand for
rugs has increased dramatically, with the resurgence in popularity of
hardwood, marble, and tile floors. Home owners appreciate the warmth,
luxury, and beauty that oriental rugs bring into their homes. Countries such as
China, Pakistan, India, Romania, and Turkey are adapting their designs and
colors to meet the needs of their American consumers. Ease of maintenance
is one of the most appealing qualities of oriental rugs. Depending on the
amount of traffic and vacuuming , an oriental rug can go five to ten years
between cleanings. Unlike carpeting,you can roll it up and take it to your next
home. With proper care it can be passed down from generation to generation.